· 征集负压病房设计方案… (10-14)
· 医院门卫室建设招标公… (09-18)
· 关于PCR实验室改造项… (09-05)
· PCR实验室改造项目竞… (08-31)
· 关于公开招标立式压力… (08-31)
· 关于公开招标核酸提取… (08-31)
科室介绍
· 中医科
· 检验科
· 药剂科
· 中医男科
· 放射科
· 口腔科
· 急传科
· 超声科
· 肝病科
· 妇产科
· 儿内科
· 呼吸内科
· 糖尿病科
友情链接
急救时常常使用的几类药
作者:未知 来源:39健康网 日期:[2010/12/11 11:26:23]
 急救不光是用仪器或动手术,很多时候还要用到急救药。常备的大致分五类,主要针对过敏、心律失常、大出血、呼吸道衰竭和疼痛。  身着白大褂的医护人员各就各位,护士扯开患者的衣服,医生手拿心脏除颤器,砰的一声,患者上身猛然一颤;“一、二、三、四……”医生有节律地按压昏迷患者的胸口……这是很多人脑海中闪过的急救画面。

  急救也要用药

  “其实,急救不光是用仪器或动手术,很多时候还要用到急救药。常备的大致分五类,主要针对过敏、心律失常、大出血、呼吸道衰竭和疼痛。”卫生部中日友好医院急诊科副主任曾庆在接受采访时表示。

  医院习惯以白色为主色调,中日友好医院的急救室也是如此。白色的环境中,有一个深红色柜子特别显。曾庆介绍说,这里就储存着急救药物。拉开每一层抽屉,可以看到工整地排列着数十个正方形小格,每个格上都贴着一张纸条,用黑色、宋体字标明了具体存放的药物名称。在格子里,不论药水或药,都只有五六剂,而且码得整整齐齐。

  急救药见效很快

  治疗过敏的急救药主要有肾上腺素、糖皮质激素和非那根。近年来,化妆品、海鲜或药物过敏的情况很普遍,患者会出现皮肤瘙痒、皮疹、心慌等症状,严重者出现呼吸困难血压下降意识障碍等就需急救。“一般多采用肌肉注射、皮下注射和静脉给药三种方式,这样起效更快。”曾庆说。肾上腺素主要用于过敏患者休克治疗,通过β受体效应使支气管痉挛快速舒张。糖皮质激素能解除许多过敏的症状、抑制过敏反应产生的病理变化等;非那根具有抗组胺作用,可以安定、镇吐、降温等。

  心律失常是一种致命的疾病。出差、过度劳累等都可能诱发。急救时经常用到胺酮、异博定、利多卡因、心律平等药物。其中胺碘酮用作抗心律失常药物已有30余年,是治疗中不可缺少的成员。它是一种多通道阻滞剂,静脉注射能迅速降低血压,对心排血量无明显影响。利多卡因是局部麻醉药,能降低心肌兴奋性,减慢传导速度,静脉注射后15分钟左右即可生效。

  “大出血的患者,尤其是消化道出血,情况大多紧急,必须马上用止血药。急救室主要备有口服凝血酶、代血浆,和静脉用的立芷雪。凝血酶和立芷雪主要用来止血,而代血浆能在血管内存留、暂时补充血容量,主要用于失血过多,又来不及输血的情况。”曾庆说。

  据了解,近日由于气温变化大,中日友好医院收治的呼吸道衰竭患者也明显增加。“针对这些患者,我们在急救室备有应对气道痉挛的药物,主要是局部用的激素类喷剂和氨碱等。这些药能松弛支气管平滑肌,在解痉同时减轻支气管黏膜的充血和水肿,增强呼吸肌和心肌的收缩力。”

  由于急救大都涉及外伤,止痛药也是急救室必备的药物之一,如常规用的阿托品等。

家中可备口服急救药

  除了上述五类药物外,急救室还根据一些常见突发疾病准备了相应的药物,如心脏骤停时使用的强心针。

  其实,家中也可常备一些急救药。如家有冠心病患者,不妨备些硝酸甘油,出现心绞痛时,下含化一粒即可。它能扩张血管,降低心脏负担,缓解冠状动脉的压力。曾庆提醒,家中备急救药最好选口服药,备两三粒即可。药物适宜存放于恒温下,过冷过热都不。如硝酸甘油就应避光保存,四五年后药效会受影响。家中备急救药,每年要检查使用期限。

 

版权所有:上饶市第二人民医院 后台管理
Copyright © 2006-2010 by www.srsdeyy.com all rights reserved
浏览本网主页,建议将电脑显示屏的分辨率调为1024*768
ken griffey shoes ken griffey jr shoes nike air griffey max 1 nike air max jr 2011 ken griffey 2011 womens griffey shoes griffey 1 griffey 2 griffeys jr shoes ken griffey shoes 2011 griffey sneakers ken griffey jr sneakers nike air griffey max one ken griffey sneakers air diamond turf ken griffey sneakers new griffey shoes Nike Air Griffey Max 2 Nike Air Griffey Max II ken griffey shoes ken griffey jr shoes griffey shoes ken griffey shoes ken griffey jr shoes nike air griffey max 1 nike air max jr 2011 ken griffey 2011 womens griffey shoes griffey 1 griffey 2 griffeys jr shoes ken griffey shoes 2011 griffey sneakers ken griffey jr sneakers nike air griffey max one ken griffey sneakers air diamond turf ken griffey sneakers new griffey shoes Nike Air Griffey Max 2 Nike Air Griffey Max II nike air griffey max 1 ken griffey shoes ken griffey jr shoes griffey shoes women ken griffey shoes ken griffey shoes ken griffey jr shoes nike air griffey max 1 nike air max jr 2011 ken griffey 2011 womens griffey shoes griffey 1 griffey 2 griffeys jr shoes ken griffey shoes 2011 griffey sneakers ken griffey jr sneakers nike air griffey max one ken griffey sneakers air diamond turf ken griffey sneakers new griffey shoes Nike Air Griffey Max 2 Nike Air Griffey Max II ken griffey shoes griffey shoes ken griffey jr shoes women ken griffey shoes ken griffey shoes ken griffey jr shoes nike air griffey max 1 nike air max jr 2011 ken griffey 2011 womens griffey shoes griffey 1 griffey 2 griffeys jr shoes ken griffey shoes 2011 griffey sneakers ken griffey jr sneakers nike air griffey max one ken griffey sneakers air diamond turf ken griffey sneakers new griffey shoes Nike Air Griffey Max 2 Nike Air Griffey Max II ken griffey shoes ken griffey jr shoes women ken griffey shoes nike heels nike heels uk nike heels for women nike dunk heels dunk high heels dunk heels jordan heels jordan high heels air jordan heels air jordan high heels jordans heels jordan boots nike jordan heels nike heels nike heels australia nike heels for women nike dunk heels dunk high heels dunk heels jordan heels jordan high heels air jordan heels air jordan high heels jordans heels jordan boots nike jordan heels nike heels nike high heels jordan heels jordan high heels nike heels nike high heels dunk heels nike dunk heels nike heels for women jordan heels jordan high heels air jordan heels air jordan high heels jordans heels jordan boots nike jordan heels micheal jordan heels cheap jordan heels jordan heels for women women jordan heels female jordan heels purple heels pink heels white heels nike heels nike high heels dunk heels nike dunk heels nike heels for women jordan heels jordan high heels air jordan heels air jordan high heels jordans heels jordan boots nike jordan heels micheal jordan heels cheap jordan heels jordan heels for women women jordan heels female jordan heels purple heels pink heels white heels nike heels nike high heels jordan heels jordan high heels nike dunk heels ken griffey shoes ken griffey jr shoes nike air griffey max 1 nike air max jr 2011 nike ken griffey 2011 air griffey jr 2011 womens griffeys griffeys kids nike air griffey max 1 womens griffey shoes air griffey max 1 black griffey 1 griffey 2 air griffey max 1 White griffeys jr shoes air griffey max 1 Fresh water purple griffeys grey griffeys ken griffey shoes 2011 griffeys 2011 mens griffeys ken griffey shoes 2011 nike air griffey max 2 nike air griffey max 2011 air griffey max 1 air griffey max gd 2 griffey sneakers ken griffey jr sneakers nike air griffey max one ken griffey sneakers womens nike air max 24 7 nike air max 24 7 shoes women nike air max 24 7 shoes nike air diamond turf diamond turf air diamond turf deion sanders shoes air griffey griffey 1 griffey 2 ari griffey max 2 nike air max nm ken griffey sneakers nike lebron 7 (vii) lebron james shoes nike air max lebron black nike air max lebron white nike air max lebron red nike air max lebron grey air griffey new griffey shoes Nike Air Griffey Max 2 Nike Air Griffey Max II ken griffey shoes ken griffey jr shoes nike air griffey max 1 new ken griffey shoes griffey jr shoes air griffey jr 2011 griffey shoes griffeys shoes ken griffey jr sneakers ken griffey sneakers griffey sneakers king griffey shoes nike griffey shoes air griffey max 1 White nike air griffey max one air griffey max 1 air griffey max 2 air griffey max griffey max 1 griffey max 2 cheap griffey shoes nike air griffey max II nike air griffey max 2 griffey 1 griffey 2 air griffey new griffeys nike air griffey max 1 2011 griffey shoes 2011 ken griffey shoes 2011 kids ken griffey shoes kids griffey shoes kids griffey kids ken griffey shoes women griffeys women griffey shoes nike air diamond turf diamond turf air diamond turf deion sanders shoes nike air griffey max gd ii air griffey max gd 2 air griffey max gd nike air max nm nike air max jr 2011 lebron james shoes nike air max lebron black nike air max lebron white nike air max lebron red nike air max lebron grey air griffey max 1 black air griffey max 1 Fresh water air griffey max 1 black Red air griffey max 1 Navy air griffey max 1 black air griffey max 1 Fresh water air griffey max 1 black Red air griffey max 1 Navy kobe bryant 6 kobe 6 shoes kobe bryant shoes nike air zoon kobe shoes nike boke shoes ken griffey shoes women griffey shoes ken griffey shoes ken griffey jr shoes nike air griffey max 1 new ken griffey shoes griffey jr shoes air griffey jr 2011 griffey shoes griffeys shoes ken griffey jr sneakers ken griffey sneakers griffey sneakers king griffey shoes nike griffey shoes air griffey max 1 White nike air griffey max one air griffey max 1 air griffey max 2 air griffey max griffey max 1 griffey max 2 cheap griffey shoes ken griffey shoes ken griffey jr shoes griffey 1 griffey 2 air griffey new griffeys nike air griffey max 1 2011 griffey shoes 2011 new griffey shoes 2012/a> nike air griffey max Fury 2012 air griffey max fury ken griffey shoes 2011 kids ken griffey shoes kids griffey shoes kids griffey kids ken griffey shoes women griffeys women griffey shoes nike air diamond turf diamond turf air diamond turf deion sanders shoes nike air griffey max gd ii air griffey max gd 2 air griffey max gd nike air max nm nike air max jr 2011 lebron james shoes nike air max lebron black nike air max lebron white nike air max lebron red nike air max lebron grey air griffey max 1 black air griffey max 1 Fresh water air griffey max 1 black Red air griffey max 1 Navy