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急性腰扭伤该如何急救?
作者:未知 来源:39健康网 日期:[2010/12/11 11:25:36]
 急性腰扭伤多由搬动重物、髂身取物、打呵欠、抬提重物时,肌肉神经运动不协调,用力过猛所致。

  二、主症

  疼痛:常由腰背盘膜、髂腰韧带、骶髂关节及骶棘肌等撕裂而发生。

  出血:上述组织周围有出血、水肿、渗出等。

  腰活动受限:有的当时疼痛难忍,有的次晨才开始疼痛。翻身困难,步态缓慢,腰活动受限。

  局部压痛:腰部肌肉紧缩、痉挛,有明显压痛点,多在条四、五腰椎横突与髂骨之间,或腰骶部中线等处。

  三、急救

  1.休息:静卧硬板床,腰两侧用枕头(或沙袋)挤挡,使其少动安静。双手自抱双膝,可以减轻疼痛。

  2.导引:导引或针刺经外奇穴腰痛点(图62)。在手背侧,当第二三及第上五掌骨之间,当腕横纹与掌指关节中点处。一侧二穴。导引或留针20分钟,一日三次,同时令病人自伸屈和放置腰10次以上,镇痛有显效。

  3.热敷:局部热敷或做手导引,可增进血液循环,加速水肿、血肿的吸收。

        4.按摩:采用“揉按”使腰肌松弛,重压腰三有等手法,每日2次,每次20~30分钟。

  5.封闭:有明显压痛点时用2%普鲁卡因溶液5~10ml,加醋酸强的松25ml,痛点注射。有一一针即可止痛。

  6.预防:疼痛大减时,很快进腰肌锻炼,防止肌肉、韧带粘连和由急性转为慢性。平日要加强腰部锻炼,增强肌力,防止复发。抓兴趣重物时,先两肢张开再弯伸腰,待姿势稳定后再提重物。

 

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