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个矮早查,十大因素影响孩子身高
作者:未知 来源:《广州日报》 日期:[2010/12/10 17:56:10]

     遗传、饮食不当、运动不足或过激、精神压力过大、环境或食物污染、早发育、脑垂体生长素分泌不足等十大因素影响孩子身高

  身高的30%是由后天因素决定的,矮小儿童只要在骨骺闭合以前治疗,都可以长高

  老话常说:“三岁小儿见风长”。但在现代都市中,仍然有为数不少的孩子就是怎么都不见长。见身边小伙伴高出半个头,自己孩子却永远站在队列的最前面,很多年轻父母非常揪心。专家提醒:十大因素影响孩子的身高,家长最好对照体格发育表,但凡发现孩子偏矮就应积极排查原因;如果孩子在班上位列身高倒数前三名,也应及时带孩子去检测。

  文/记者涂端玉 通讯员梅枚

<b>  十大因素影响孩子身高</b>

  晒太阳时间不够长?久坐不动缺乏锻炼?到底哪些才是影响孩子身高的主要因素?日前,记者采访了中山大学附属第三医院小儿内分泌专科朱顺叶副主任。她表示,影响孩子生长的因素主要有十个:遗传、饮食不当、运动不足或过激、精神压力过大、环境或食物污染、早发育、综合骨营养匮乏、脑垂体生长素分泌不足、病理性矮小、心理障碍。

  “千万别到了择偶、找工作时才知道身高的重要性,无论男孩女孩,只要进入幼儿园,就能模糊感觉到自己矮小所带来的不良感受,他们往往容易受到同学的讥笑和欺负,自己也会因外形而产生自卑。”朱顺叶表示,矮小儿童个性和心理的行为特点常表现为内向及情绪不稳定,自我意识上也容易出现偏差。

  矮小儿童很容易产生焦虑、抑郁、内向、意志消沉、自我封闭等情绪。数据表明:矮小儿童的抑郁症发生率可达52%。“如果家有身高暂时跟不上的孩子,一方面要积极寻求科学长高的方法,另一方面则要关注其心理健康,谈话时尽量避免谈及矮小话题,制止小伙伴对孩子的嘲讽及讥笑,同时还应鼓励孩子多参加体育活动,合理膳食,让他们健康活泼地成长。”朱顺叶说。

<b>  矮小儿童通过治疗可长高</b>

  朱顺叶表示:家长可对照儿童体格发育表观察自己的孩子,如果孩子属于偏矮范畴则要密切观察,如果属于矮小则应马上就医排查原因。

  “还有一种简单但行之有效的对比办法,就是如果孩子在同年龄同性别孩子中,比如一个班上,身高属于倒数前三名的,应及早去医院进行检测。”她提醒老师和家长都应更多关注孩子各年龄段的发育情况,千万别盲目相信“生长节点不一样,有些孩子长得晚”的观点。

  朱顺叶表示,矮小儿童只要在骨骺闭合以前,都可以通过治疗长高,家长应给予重视,发现问题后尽早带孩子到医院检测,及时治疗以免留下遗憾。

  中山大学孙逸仙纪念医院儿童内分泌专科梁立阳副教授也表示:如果家族身高普遍都矮的话,那么孩子将来长成姚明的个头就属非分之想。但如果保证合理的运动、充足的睡眠和均衡的营养,很多孩子可以发挥出遗传身高的极致,达到常人眼中的标准身高,毕竟身高的30%是由后天因素所致的。

 

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